Comparison of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs with Skinners Behaviorist Theory

1587 WordsOct 4, 20127 Pages
Comparison of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs with Skinners Behaviorist Theory Typing Template for APA Papers: A Sample of Proper APA Fifth Edition Formatting Deborah DiBerardino Grand Canyon University: Educational Psychology EDU 313N Amy Wilkinson August 5, 2012 Comparison of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs with Skinners Behaviorist Theory The definition of motivation according to Dictionary.com is: “The reason or reasons one has for acting or behaving in a particular way; the general desire or willingness of someone to do something.” Where it gets confusing is in the reason for behaving a certain way. What is it that causes a person to perform a task? Is it something that comes from deep inside of the person or is…show more content…
Once that need is fulfilled there is no need for the behavior. The criticism for Maslow’s theory is that measurement of satisfaction of needs is impossible and whether people have been devoid of basic needs, it does not stop them from the pursuit of self-actualization. (Heylighen, Francis (1992) A Cognitive-systemic Reconstruction of Maslow’s Theory of Self-Actualization. P[47]). Skinner’s Behaviorist Theory In comparison, B.F. Skinner’s theory is based on operant conditioning which is a system that is based on rewarding and punishing behavior. Through this type of system an association is derived from the consequences of the behavior. Behave well, receive positive consequences, behave badly, and receive negative consequences. Unlike Maslow, Skinner did not take into consideration internal needs; he believed in only looking at the external cause of the behavior. In his opinion it was a matter of positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, extinction and punishment to explain behavior. Skinner believed positive reinforcement strengthened behavior. You completed a task that was required you receive a reward for it. The reward could take any form such as a piece a candy to a bonus for a job well done. Negative reinforcement also strengthened behavior in reverse. This entails removing a sanctioned or a penalty once the behavior has changed. For example, a parent has taken away a

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