Comparison of Pope's The rape of the Lock and Swift's A Modest Proposal

765 Words 4 Pages
Although Alexander Pope's, The Rape of the Lock, and Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal are both witty satires, they differ on their style, intention, and mood. To begin, in The Rape of the Lock, Alexander Pope uses satire to invoke a capricious, melancholy mood to illustrate the absurdity of fighting over the cutting of one's hair. Hidden inside this poem is a crafty criticism of the society that helps create the crisis over the stolen lock. A Society in which appearances ere more important to a person’s sense of identity, and treats the insignificant with utmost importance. The very title of this mock- epic gives the audience a clue, the word "rape" and all its implications bring to mind a heinous crime of violation. Pope chose …show more content…
Swift portrays his views in his political satire called A Modest Proposal, he stresses that it is hard for mothers to provide for their children and it is not getting any easier. He feels that this is due to an overpopulation and lack of food. Swift’s plan is an ironic attempt to "find out a fair, cheap, and easy Method"(503), for converting the starving children of Ireland into "sound and useful members of the Commonwealth” (503). His “solution” is to sell a child, after he or she reaches one year of age. “Instead of being a charge upon their parents, or the parish, or wanting food and raiment for the rest of their lives, they shall, on the contrary, contribute to the feeding and partly to the clothing of many thousands”(503). From Swift’s perspective using the children, as food is the most efficient and cheap way to make the children a contribution rather than a burden. This wondrous idea has so many benefits that it is hard to see how anyone would be so close-minded to disagree. For instance, “It would greatly lessen the number of papists” (506) “Secondly, the poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own” (506), which could help them pay rent. “Fifthly, this food would likewise bring great custom to taverns” (506), where the cooks would strive to find the best recipes for their new delicacy. Finally it would be a great advantage to those getting married, where as
Open Document