Comparison of Public and Community Health

3105 Words Jul 1st, 2011 13 Pages
Comparison of Public and Community Health: Pertinent History and Available Resources

Comparison of Public and Community Health: Pertinent History and Available Resources
The terms public health and community health are oftentimes mistaken to have the same definition; however, the terms although similar have different meanings, as well as implications in application as it applies to health. Both public health and community health serve the health needs of individuals within communities; however, each service began with different approaches to achieve the goals. This paper will define and compare public and community health, the associated objectives, and explore the pertinent history of each service as well as available resources.
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1). Community Health services center in “the delivery of personal health care services to individuals, families, and groups” (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008, p. 1) to positively affect the health of the community and includes the environment in which the population reside.
Public and Community Health History and Resources
History of Public and Community Health Numerous health emergencies in our nation over the last several hundred years have lead to the formal development of Public and Community Health programs and services. The widespread devastation of the effects of disease within the population of the nation and an inadequate supply of health care delivery services led to the development of schools, agencies, and providers of care to assist with decreasing death and disability of the population and within vulnerable populations such as the poor and underserved. Understanding how infectious disease affects health and the environmental conditions in which disease spreads was at the center of the early public health establishment. Diseases such as small pox, measles, cholera, diphtheria, pertussis, polio, meningitis, influenza and tuberculosis were rampant and caused many deaths. The spread of many of these diseases devastated whole communities and families and led the government to develop programs to track and stop the spread of disease. At the