Comparison of the British Parliament and the American Congress

7381 Words Nov 2nd, 2005 30 Pages
Comparison of the British Parliament and the American Congress

Németh Barbara

Szombathely
2005

Introduction
I write this essay with the aim of comparing the British Parliament with the American Congress. I personally think that everybody should know the major differences between political system of the US and the UK.
First of all, I would like to describe my technical conception in my essay. I separated it in two columns and on the left side I write about the British Parliament and on the other side about the American Congress. I tried to draw a parallel between the two systems and the columns, which are next to each other, examine the two institutes from the same aspect. After each section I summarized what has been written. Of
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The British Parliament is often called the "Mother of Parliaments," as the legislative bodies of many nations—most notably, those of the members of the Commonwealth—are modeled on it. However, it is a misquotation of John Bright, who had actually remarked on 18 January 1865 that "England is the Mother of Parliaments", in the context of supporting demands for expanded voting rights in a country which had pioneered Parliamentary government. The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. It is established by Article One of the Constitution of the United States, which also deliniates its structure and powers. Congress is a bicameral legislature, consisting of the House of Representatives (the "Lower House") and the Senate (the "Upper House").
The House of Representatives consists of 435 members, each of whom is elected by a congressional district and serves a two-year term. Seats in the House are divided between the states on the basis of population, but each state is entitled to at least one seat. In the Senate, on the other hand, each state is represented by two members, regardless of population. As there are fifty states in the Union, the Senate consists of one hundred members. Each Senator, who is elected by the whole state rather than by a district, serves a six-year term. Senatorial terms are staggered so that approximately one-third of the terms
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