Comparison of the Greek Religion in the Iliad to Christianity

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Comparison of the Greek Religion in the Iliad to Christianity

Throughout the Iliad of Homer there can be seen many features of the Greek religion. The features of religion that appear throughout this epic poem are those that existed during the time of
Homer. By taking a better look at theses main features it can be seen that they are similar to those of Christianity today. Some of the existing main features of both are the following: the belief in gods or God, prayer, sacrifice, and funeral rites. However, despite these similarities, each feature is observed differently by the two religions. The Greeks in the Iliad believe in many gods. Each god has a specific “power” or “gift” that is known by people. Zeus is the
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Christians, unlike the Greeks of Homer’s time, believe in one God
Almighty (Genesis 17: 1-4). He is seen as divine entity, who knows all and sees all. In this aspect he is definitely not seen by Christians as having any human characteristics, like the gods of the Iliad are seen by the Greeks. Like the Greek gods, the Christian God too had a mortal son.
To Christians he is known as Jesus, and was sent to earth by God (John 3: 1-2). Like a mortal he was able to die. However, unlike a regular mortal, Christians see his death as a symbol of salvation. They believe that he has died for their sins, therefore saving the Christian people.
Although the Christians worship only one God, they see him as three people. This includes God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. In the Iliad of Homer mortals make requests to the gods through verbal prayer. The gods often answer and speak back to the mortals. This can be seen when Chryses prays to Apollo (1.35-42).
He is praying to request assistance from the god. He needs help getting his daughter Chryseis back. The god verbally speaks back to Chryses. He then answers his prayer by physically sending a deadly plague throughout the Achaian camp, killing hundreds of the troops. As can be seen through this example, the Greeks in the Iliad had actual one on one conversations with a god during time of prayer.
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