Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Nurses Who Work With Children With Chronic Conditions and Their Families

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Compassion Fatigue and Burnout in Nurses Who Work With Children With Chronic Conditions and Their Families Introduction Choosing the career path of a pediatric nurse can be exceptionally rewarding, with that comes many trials and tribulations. This research paper will be discussing a pilot study done on compassion fatigue and burnout in nurses who work with children with chronic conditions and their families. The goal of this study was to identify the triggers, impacts, and coping strategies pediatric nurses use to manage compassion fatigue and prevent burnout. Compassion fatigue, meaning the natural behavior and emotional demands one experiences with helping or wanting to help a traumatized person, and burnout, the complete…show more content…
Purposive sampling was used in this study. Nurses were recruited from an array of pediatric settings in Minneapolis and Minnesota. Twenty pediatric nurses agreed to participate. Their nursing experience extended from four to thirty six years. An interview guide containing eleven essential open-ended questions and probe questions about compassion fatigue and burnout was assembled by the researchers. The interview guide included questions about the nurse’s educational and work experiences, their experiences with compassion fatigue and burnout, triggers that lead to compassion fatigue and burnout, and strategies for coping with fatigue and burnout. Each interview lasted about an hour to an hour and a half, and two investigators each oversaw half of the interviews. (Maytum, Bielski Heiman, Garwick, 2004) Results The nurse participants revealed a broad range of emotional and physical symptoms of compassion fatigue and burnout. The majority of nurses were able to recognize early signals of compassion fatigue. Almost all of the nurses associated fatigue and lack of energy as leading indicators of compassion fatigue. Participants described thirty two different triggers. Most of the triggers were work related, and about one fourth was personal triggers. The triggers were divided into four categories; triggers related to caring for children

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