Compassionate Use Act Research Paper

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Compassionate Use Act
Legalization of medical marijuana is a disputed issue in the United States. In 1996, California was the first state to pass the Compassionate Use Act allowing for the legal use of medicinal marijuana (Freisthler, Kepple, Sims, & Martin, 2013). Subsequently, this lead to the enactment of similar laws from 25 states allowing those with medical illnesses and chronic pain to use medicinal marijuana. The efficacy of the Compassionate Use Act can be determined via data analysis of pain management and other nontraditional benefits before and after 1996. Each state can be categorized as either fully functional, meaning medical marijuana laws are enacted, non-functional, not yet operational or in process, and cannabidiol specific.
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Disadvantages of medical marijuana can range from side effects with medications, increased psychosis, and public health issues. In addition, those in California have to be residents to obtain a medical marijuana identification card. In order to qualify for a medical marijuana identification card, one has to have a debilitating medical condition. According to Cohen (2010), a debilitating condition means: cancer, glaucoma, positive status for human immunodeficiency virus, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or treatment for such conditions. The identification card also calls for physicians to comply with these regulations. The physician must have a good standing license to practice in California, take responsibility of the patient's care, disclose a medical examination on the patient beforehand, document the serious medical condition and how medical marijuana is necessary, and have the patient sign consent and copies of his or hers medical records (California Medical Association, 2011). Physicians also have to look at the health risk that their patient might face if prescribed medicinal marijuana. According to the California Medical Association, 9% of adults become addicted to cannabis. This can lead to cognitive deficits that can range from impaired memory to the inability to learn. This article also indicated that long-term use can increase risk of developing schizophrenia due to…show more content…
One of the stipulations of a Schedule I drug is that the drug has no medicinal purposes and is not safe to use. Therefore, the FDA will not cover funding. Although marijuana is a Schedule I drug, there are states that have medical marijuana laws. Many banks in these states avoid working with medical marijuana dispensaries in fear of being prosecuted by federal law (Wehrwein, 2013). California's State Board of Equalization (BOE) policy in regards to medical marijuana considers marijuana taxable. In October of 2005, the BOE issued seller’s permits. Then, in January of 2016, Assembly Bill 266 enacted the Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act, for regulation of commercial medical cannabis. The sales tax levied on sellers goes to the state's general fund (California State Board of Equalization, 2016).
Literature Question and Search Limitations
Multiple studies were examined to answer “Did passing the Compassionate Use Act prove effective in managing chronic pain?” The studies that were found via PubMed and Galileo used the terms in the following literary search: cannabis, marijuana, United States - California, and chronic pain to examine the evidence and efficacy of the Compassionate Use Act via data analysis of pain management and other nontraditional benefits before and after 1996. The articles were then reviewed by clinical trials, evidence-based practice, and
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