Competing Theories of Corrections

1624 Words Nov 24th, 2011 7 Pages
Competing Theories Of Corrections
James Bartron
American Intercontinental University

As the staffer working in the office a state senator, I have been asked to prepare a detailed outline on correctional theory in general and then make a series of suggestions on ways to implement some of the nontraditional theories of corrections. In reviewing mass incarceration there is often criticism of simple warehousing of human beings who are convicted of crimes. If it is a violent crime there is a need to safeguard society from future criminal acts of a person who is convicted of the most heinous offenses. I will describe what the competing theories of corrections are and if they are prevalent in today’s system or not. A review of how the
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(Schmalleger, 2005) Shock Incarceration provides regimented environments within a military style boot camp that involves hard labor, strict discipline, and physical training. This is normally for young and first time offenders and the duration is very short. All offenders who complete the program will be released under supervision. (Schmalleger, 2005) Mixed Sentencing can involve weekends in jail and probation supervision. Offenders are required to get either treatment or be involved in community service programs while being on probation. (Schmalleger, 2005) Intensive Probation Supervision (IPS) involves five face- to- face contacts between the offender and supervisor during each business week, required employment, a weekly check of arrest records, mandatory curfew, routine alcohol and testing, automatic notification of probation officers if offender is arrested, and so many hours of community service.(Schmalleger, 2005) And lastly we have Home Confinement also known as House Arrest which involves the offender being legally ordered to be confined to his own residence. Exceptions for leaving are employment, household essentials, and medical emergencies. (Schmalleger, 2005)
The goals of these Punishment/Rehabilitative Strategies differ because if you take Rehabilitation programs for instance they have a significant impact on reducing recidivism rates. Most of them result in fewer broken families and overcrowding in
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