Complex Court System

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There are two court systems that make up a complex judicial system in the United States of America; these are the States courts and Federal courts. The system is designed to interpret the US constitution to the citizens. The outcomes of the Federal and the States courts’ cases vary depending on the type of the case. To understand how the court system works and the outcome of court cases, it is important to focus on a court case sample. The felonies case of Illinois versus Wardlow filed in 2000 describes the case of Chicago police officers who arrested Wardlow after they find him with a gun in a crime-prone area. In their course of routine patrols of the said high-crime area, the police converge on Wardlow who was carrying an opaque bag. On…show more content…
Felonies are categorized in different classes which include violent versus non-violent crimes, sex crimes, property crimes, drug offenses and others. Felonies are penalized differently according to the jurisdiction under which they fall. States classify possession of a firearm in the category of felonies. In this case, Wardlow was convicted in a state court in Illinois for possessing an unlicensed firearm. Firearm Owners Identification Act in the Public Safety (ILCS 65/) provides a system of identifying persons who do not qualify to possess or acquire firearms, stun guns, and ammunition within Illinois state (Carpe & McKinsey,…show more content…
The FOID Act works in that state alone and would not hold in a federal court because no one is prohibited from owning a gun except as restricted by the 1968 Gun Control Act under Federal laws (Scheb, 2015).
Trial Courts are allowed to handle a number of cases in which a judge or the jury listens to testimonies and evidence, and passes a verdict in relation to the facts provided. It is within the jurisdiction of the court to handle all civil cases pertaining to probate, family, juvenile, among others, criminal cases including infractions, misdemeanors, and felonies, appeals of civil cases dealing with less than $25000, infraction appeals, and misdemeanor cases (Smith, 2003). Focusing on the case of Illinois versus Wardlow, it was a case of a felony which is within the Chicago’s Trial Court
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