Complexity theory is a subset of chaos theory, it focuses on how groups of living things behave.

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Complexity theory is a subset of chaos theory, it focuses on how groups of living things behave. It's primary advancement came through its application in biology with the pursuit for an explanation regarding the evolutionary complexity of living organisms (5). Mikulecky in The emergence of complexity: science coming of age or science growing old? offers a concise definition of complexity: “Complexity is the property of a real world system that is manifest in the inability of any one formalism being adequate to capture all its properties” (1). This carries major implications in the ability of project managers to follow through on each project parameter. Complexity theory aims to define how order and patterns arise out of seemingly chaotic…show more content…
Patrick Weaver in "A Simple View of ‘Complexity’ in Project Management" identifies two primary attributes of the social network, referred to as social capital: the knowledge required to deliver the project outcome and the willingness to achieve the project outcome. Further details regarding these notions and their application can be seen in the section Complexity theory for Project Management.

Chaos theory, traditionally, is a field of applied mathematics that studies the dynamic nature of systems that are sensitive to initial conditions. The most famous case of this involves computer simulated weather predictions by Edward Lorenz in 1960 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Here Lorenz discovered that minute changes to initial conditions introduced major and unpredictable consequences to the weather system - this became known as the "butterfly effect." A fundamental premise of chaos theory is that if there is only a finite amount of information about a particular system, then at some point the system will no longer be predictable. Thus, chaos theory focuses on how simple systems give rise to complicated and unpredictable behavior whereas complexity theory focuses on how systems consisting of many elements lead to well organized and predictable behavior. Due to this, chaos and complexity should be viewed as complementary ideas in order to fully influence different thought processes as to how organizations and

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