Emperor K’ang-hsi was one of the greatest Chinese emperors of all time. Ruling from 1662 to 1722 he was also one of the longest ruling emperors in Chinese history and for that matter the world. K’ang-hsi brought China to long-term stability and relative wealth after years of war and chaos. Jonathan Spence writes from the eyes of K’ang-hsi getting his information from K’ang-hsi’s own writings. Though a little biased towards himself this book still provides important insight into his mind. Emperor of China is divided into six parts; In Motion, Ruling, Thinking, Growing Old, Sons, and Valedictory.
Although China’s influence over Korea has waned severely since the dynastic years we find the Confucian system of virtues and behaviors, China’s chief export from that time, still very much alive. Korea highly values the extended family, education, personal discipline and public order. In South Korea Confucian temples continue to be maintained throughout the country. The tenets of Confucianism are seen as antidotes to social ills and therefore education is thought of as a means of building character, not simply of intellectual formation. The values of Confucianism are promulgated throughout Korea in places as diverse as school, the office and the home. Television programs often portray Confucian merits such as filial piety and harmony. However
King Kamehameha was the first ruler of the Hawaiian Islands. His reign was from July, 1782 to May 8 or 14, 1819 (Chosonkorea.org). Sejong Daewang was the king of the Joseon-dynasty Korea and his reign was from 1418 to 1450 (Chosonkorea.org). The two leaders ruled their land in many similar and different ways. Their behavior while ruling was also similar, yet different in many ways as well. Kamehameha the Great is most known for unifying all the Hawaiian Islands together and Sejong the Great is most known for creating the Korean language (Hangul). Both rulers are still known as leaders who impacted their land and their people. Kamehameha the Great and Sejong the Great were two very effective leaders.
In ancient East Asian countries, sages were a group of people respected by educated people and revered by the common illiterate mass. According to the text, the sages were those who with acute eyes that penetrate to the essence. This statement emphasizes the distinction between the sages and ordinary people. Although the text only shows one characteristic of the sages, sages were indeed special for the Chinese society and the Confucianism.
Also, King Sejong had great work ethic as well. He developed Korean Alphabet
Ancient China has a very complex background that has been formed over hundreds of years. Over the years China has had many rulers and they have all ruled in different ways. In Ancient China through all the years they had the same problem. Their problem was that the nomads to their north kept invading them and they couldn't stop them because the nomads had horses. China tried many different strategies to protect themselves: from paying tribute to the northerners, to building walls, or trading over thousands of miles to obtain methods of fighting back, none of these strategies had long term success.
Plato’s Philosophy King describes every aspect of Emperor Kangxi, a leader who consistently ruled under the “Mandate of Heaven”. He believed that good government depended on letting the people live at rest and that stirring up trouble is no different from preventing trouble from occurring. Because of his intelligence, reverence to Confucianism and rational way of thinking, he was able to reign as Emperor of a stabilized and prosperous Manchu Dynasty for 61 years. Emperor Kangxi quotes, "The Tao [Dao] of being an official lies in nothing else than this: Be sincere in your heart, and sincere in your administration, don’t stir up too much trouble, and have officials arid
was the emperor that cared most about his appearance to other. Wenwang also learned to read and right at the age of three. He was considered one of the wisest emperors ever. Wenwang married Tai Si and had 10 sons. Wenwang also lived for over 96 years. At one point, the King before Wen imprisoned him because he thought Wen was a threat to his spot as king. King Wen was buried in Zhouling town, some people believe that this is not his final resting place. Wenwang reigned from 1097 BC to 1046 BC. He was one that got credit for overthrowing the Shang Dynasty, with the assistance of Jiang Ziya.
During the Period of Prosperity, the Song dynasty accomplished many things. Many new discoveries and inventions were made, such as fireworks, the abacus, improved maps, books, glow in the dark paint, and scientific ideas on how to solve illnesses. Poetry, calligraphy, and paintings were also improved due to the fact that one of the things the Song were known for are these things. China’s political and economic system also flourished under the Song rule. The Song began to appoint their government leaders through civil service. This meant that they would pick only
In 581, he started a new dynasty called Sui (Connections: A World History, Volume 1 pages 311-312). The country also documents many eminent people who gave to the nation’s enrichment and development experienced today. Nevertheless, this essay seeks to discuss the major alterations in political structures, social and economic life that took place during the Sui dynasty, the Tang dynasty and the Song dynasty in China. Sui Dynasty
Yi Song-gye rose up in the ranks of the Goryeo army and in 1392, he seized the throne of Korea. The 400 year old Goryeo dynasty was falling into the hands of war and corrupt government. The internal disorders and power struggles led the people begging for a savior. General Yi led his army into the capital and seized the throne, overthrowing King U and people loyal to him. He did not ascend the throne at first, but instead, he placed King U’s son on the throne. After many failed attempts, Yi Song-gye decided to ascend the throne. He then laid the foundation for a dynasty that would last another 500 years.
Scholar-gentry elite was responsible for much of the artistic and literary creativity during the Tang-Song Era. Scholar administators and Confucian teachers wrote much of the literature that the Tang was mostly known for.
When Emperor Taizong died, his youngest son Li Zhi ascended the throne as Emperor Gaozong of Tang. As Wu had not bore any children with Emperor Taizong before his death, according to custom, she was permanently confined to a monastic institution. However, Wu did not adhere to the custom and instead Emperor Gaozong who was enamoured by her beauty and intellect visited her after his father’s death. Due to the Emperor already having three children with Consort Xiao, also known as the Pure Concubine, and none with his wife, Empress Wang, Wang hoped that Wu would distract the Emperor from his favoured concubine and so, Wu once again became a Consort to the Emperor of China. However, modern historians dispute this believing that Wu never left the
Born in 625, Wu’s father was a member of a renowned Shanxi aristocratic family, and her mother was a member of the former Sui imperial family. Her noble upbringing gave her access to education, so was taught to play music, write, and read the Chinese classics. By thirteen years of age she was known for her wit, intelligence, and beauty, and was recruited to the court of Emperor Taizong, becoming his favorite. In 649, Taizong died, and, as was customary for concubines, Wu Meiniang had to leave the imperial palace and enter a Buddhist nunnery where she had her hair shaved. Not long afterwards she was reintegrated into the imperial palace again by Taizong’s son, Emperor Gaozong, who was also captured by her beauty.
The next nation that will be discussed is South Korea, whose legal tradition finds its origins from Japan, but is now becoming more American in nature due to increased globalization. Korea’s legal tradition was first established 4,300 ago when the Gojoseon dynasty created its own statutory law, heavily influenced by Confucianism and China’s legal system (SpringerLink and Yŏn 'guwŏn 2). (note that during the retelling of South Korea’s history, the nation will be referred to as Korea until the point at which it became separated into Northern and Southern territories). Korea maintained this particular legal tradition, and aspects of a uniquely Korean brand of Confucianism, until the 19th century. In 1894, the internally induced Kabo Reforms aimed to modernize the whole of Korea in terms of legal and administrative systems, culture, economy, and more (“Emergence of a Modern Society”). The Kabo Reforms resulted in a legal system that closely resembled Japan’s system, which followed a civil legal tradition that was heavily influenced by Germany. Korea’s transformation towards a Japanese civil law system was further intensified and completed when it became a colony of Japan in 1910. Following the defeat of Japan during World War Two, Korea gained its independence in 1945, only for the southern half of the nation to fall under American occupation until 1948, while the northern half was occupied by Soviet Russia (SpringerLink and Yŏn 'guwŏn 5). Now dubbed as South Korea, the