Components Of The Asca National Model

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According to the American School Counseling Association (ASCA), the “purpose of the school counseling program is to impart specific skills and learning opportunities in a proactive, preventive manner, ensuring all students can achieve school success through academic, career, and personal/social development experiences” (Oberman & Studer, 2011, p. 1). The ASCA National Model is used by school counselors to show devotion to student success (ASCA, n.d.-c, p. 1). The four components of the ASCA National Model are foundation, delivery, management, and accountability (ASCA, n.d.-c, p. 1).
Four Components of the ASCA National Model
The foundation component is the basis of a school counseling program which assists students to achieve academic success (Oberman & Studer, 2011, p. 2). School counselors form school counseling programs that focus on student results, student competencies and professional competencies (ASCA, n.d.-c, p. 2). In order for a school counselor to establish program focus, they must determine how the students will benefit from the school counseling program (ASCA, n.d.-c, p. 2). Student competencies are guided by three domains: academic, career and social/emotional development to maintain an effective school counseling program (ASCA, n.d.-c, p. 2). Professional competencies guide school counselors to maintain professionalism, leadership and integrity in their profession (ASCA, n.d.-c, p. 2).
School counselors benefit from the management
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