Compound Word Formation in Hindi

3035 Words Feb 21st, 2013 13 Pages
Abstract: Sanskrit, one of the most ancient spoken and written languages in the world and one of the earliest members of the Indo-European language family, is the primary source of Hindi. Hindi, like Sanskrit, is written in the Dev Naagari script, which is common to several other Indian languages as well. Much of the vocabulary of Hindi comes from Sanskrit. Hindi is spoken as a mother tongue by about 40 percent of the Indian population, mainly in the area known as the Hindi belt. In addition to being the official language of the Indian Union, it is also the official language of the Union Territory of Delhi and the states of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Hindi has more than ten …show more content…
Examples:
Samastpada Viggrah Meaning * Swarggat Swarg (heaven) ko (to) gat (gone) Gone to heaven * Sukhprapt Sukh (happiness) ko prapt (to achieve) To achieve happiness * Granthkar Granth (book) ko rachne (to create) The one who creates/writes wala (the one who) the book * Makhanhcor Makhan (butter) ko curane (to steal) The one who steals butter wala (the one who)- another name for Lord Krishna * Jebkatra Jeb (pocket) ko katne (to pick) The one who picks pockets wala (the one who)

* Karan Tatpurush:

Here, the vibhakti symbol se/ke dwara gets eliminated. Examples:

Samastpada Viggrah Meaning

* Tulsikrit Tulsi (name) ke dwara (by) Created by Tulsi krit created * Hastlikhit Hast (hand) ke dwara (by) Written by hand likhit (written) * Ishwardutt Ishwar (God) ke dwara (by) dutt

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