Essay about Comprehension in Early Literacy

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Comprehension is one of the most important components when it comes to reading no matter what age. As much as it is important for children to understand the words they are reading they should also be able to understand what they are reading. Reading comprehension is something many students have trouble with throughout their school years, and this can possibly lead them to discouragement and disliking reading all together. Reading is used for every subject and a skill and asset we will need for the rest of our lives so it is important that children enjoy and want to read. A question concerning comprehension is do the students know what comprehension is, this is something that should be explained to the students clearly so they understand…show more content…
Comprehension can be a problem for students for a couple different reasons; the students may have trouble decoding what they read, students may not be able to make connections of what they already know and relating it to what they are reading and students may not understand the vocabulary of the story. Decoding words in a story can be very challenging and difficult for students to do while reading; it then becomes difficult for the student to comprehend what they are reading because they are putting all of their effort into reading and sounding out the word and not what the words are explaining. The authors of Best Practices (2003: 113) explain what is like for students who have difficulty decoding words… When young readers are sounding out words, they have to devote a lot of mental effort to the activity. There is little mental capacity left over for comprehending either the individual word that is being sounded out or other words in the text. Even more important, when fluency is developed through instruction and practice, comprehension is well established. Decoding besides being difficult and challenging can be mentally exhausting for the students who struggle and this can lead to many students losing their motivation and confidence with reading. How are they able to comprehend what they are reading when they cannot even understand how to read what is in the story.
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