Financial statements of the company are significant for the investors who would like to venture into the business operation. It gives them the insight whether the business is making profits or it is doomed to fail;
Gauthier, S. J. (n.d.). Better Understanding of The Financial Statement Audit. Retrieved 06 26, 2011, from
A review and an audit report are both a form of an attestation engagement. A Review, however, is less in scope so it provides a moderate level of assurance on the financial statements. It is considered a “sniff” of an audit, which comparatively provides reasonable assurance that no material misstatements occurred. Since a review deals with a limited scope, it does not provide the basis for expressing an opinion on the presentation of the
This research paper will detail the modified accrual revenue recognition in State and Local Government (SLG) accounting. There will also be discussions on the guidance of governmental fund expenditure recognition, and how it is used in state and local governments. Certainly, there are differences between the fund and the government-wide financial statements, but there are some similarities. Within the paper, it will include the purpose as well as the content of the financial statements. While explaining the government-wide financial statements, the preparation using derived information in the conversion worksheets, will be presented. Lastly, in this research paper, I will explain the elements of a Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR).
In the second half of this paper, I will analyze is the State of California’s Financial Report. The government is not a nonprofit, although they are quite similar; therefore, the government’s financial report will be evaluated using different methods and from different perspectives. To get a broad overview of this government, first, the financial position and economic condition of the State of California will be evaluated. Then, things with more depth, such as budget planning, funds, and infrastructure, will be discussed.
Evaluating the Reasonableness of the Accounting Estimates, and Determining Misstatements: the auditor shall evaluate, based on the audit evidence, whether the accounting estimates in the financial statements are either
The auditor must review disclosures for adequacy, and if the auditor concludes that information disclosures are not reasonably adequate, the auditor must state so in the auditor’s
14. In which paragraph of the standard audit report does the auditor communicate to the user that certain combining fund information in the financial statements is not part of the basic financial statements, but that such information has been subjected to auditing procedures and, in his or her opinion, is fairly presented in all material respects in relation to the basic financial statements?
In 2015, the Legislative Joint Auditing Committee audited Hector School District. In the Summary of Auditor’s Results and Financial Statement Findings, the auditors did indicate a material weakness in internal control. Here, the specific requirement noted that management is where the responsibility falls for implementing sound accounting policies and maintaining internal control over financial procedures that are consistent with their own assertions found in the financial statements. The stated condition for this material weakness was that the district failed to segregate financial duties among qualified employees. Instead, one sole employee was in charge of all of the financial accounting duties. Thus, the school
Just for clarity, according to "Governmental Accounting Standards Board" (2013), the financial reporting entity consists of (a) the primary government; (b) organizations for which the primary government is financially accountable; and (c) other organizations for which the nature and significance of their relationship with the primary government are such that exclusion would cause the reporting entity 's financial statements to be misleading or incomplete (Summary of Statement No. 14 The Financial Reporting Entity (Issued 6/91)).
In a financial audit, the Auditor General is looking directly at the transactions and financial statements of the entity in search that the financial statements have been presented fairly with full disclosure and that they have met legislative authorities. With more than ninety-five audits performed on different government departments, Crown corporations and governments of the Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest territories, these financial statements are a great source in deciding whether or not these entities have been spending public funds appropriately. The Auditor General will come to a decision about whether or not the transactions have followed laws and will bring to the attention of Parliament anything believed to be of importance.
The case study General Mills Inc. - Understanding Financial Statements focuses on the most basic idea of finance analysis. This case is a brief look into the language that is used in the finance world and a start to interaction with auditors. In this case, KPMG LLP, the public accounting firm that was auditing their statements, had sent two opinion letters. The first letter was ensuring that both parties were aware that General Mills had internal control over financial reporting. The second opinion letter stated that to auditor’s knowledge, General Mills had correctly reported its financial statements. The statements given in this case study are known as the four general financial statements. Displayed in the case are the
The auditing firm has been in engagement with the company throughout the period when the fraud was being committed. One of the common and clear indicators of possible fraud was the company’s cash flow statement. The company experienced positive growth in its profits from the year 1996 through to the year 1998. However, a close analysis of the cash flow statement shows that the company had experienced negative figures of cash flow from both operating and investing activities and positive cash flow from financing activities which would not sufficiently offset the negative cash flows from operating and investing. It is therefore evident
An important function of the accounting field is to provide external users of financial statements with assurance that the financial information being presented is both reliable and accurate. This basic function of accounting is so important that there is an entire field of experts, called auditors, dedicated to assuring its proper performance. Throughout history there have been many instances in which the basic equilibrium between an institution and current/potential investor has been threatened due to a lack of accountability and trust between the two parties. This issue has been the catalyst for many discussions regarding the proper procedures a firm should follow in order to provide