Comprehensive Application Of Epidemiology

3605 Words Feb 22nd, 2016 15 Pages
Running head: COMPREHENSIVE APPLICATION OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 16

Comprehensive Application of Epidemiology: Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescents and Youths
Juanita M. Huntley
Wilkes University

Introduction In the United States, incidence and prevalence of many sexually acquired infections are highest among adolescents and young adults. For example, the reported rates of Chlamydia and gonorrhea are highest among females during their adolescent and young adult years. Human papiloma virus has been identified among the age group due to unprotected intercourse (CDC, 2013). Research has shown that females who initiate intercourse in their early adolescent years are at higher risk for sexually transmitted diseases as well as cervical cancer (CDC, 2013). Males who engage in intercourse in their early adolescent years are at a higher risk for sexually transmitted diseases including HIV in those males who have sex with males. This age group is vulnerable to acquiring a higher evidence of infection due to them having multiple sex partners, improper use of condoms on a consistent basis, as well as having an increased biologic susceptibility to infection, and facing multiple obstacles to accessing health care (Forhan, Gottlieb, Sternberg, & et.al, 2009). Despite the high rates of infections documented in the adolescent population, providers frequently fail to inquire about sexual behaviors, assess STD risk, provide risk reduction counseling and…

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