Computers And Conscious Problem Solving Essay

1694 Words7 Pages
A. Studying Memory
a. Memory- The persistence of learning over time through the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information.
I. Memory Models
a. Information-processing models are analogies that compare human memory to a computer’s operations.
b. To remember any event, we must:
-get information into our brain, encoding
- retain that information, storage
- later get the information back out, retrieval
c. Encoding- The processing of information into the memory system—for example, by extracting meaning.
d. Storage- The process of retaining encoded information over time.
e. Retrieval- The process of getting information out of memory storage.
f. Parallel Processing- The processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain’s natural mode of information processing for many functions. Contrasts with the step-by-step (serial) processing of most computers and of conscious problem solving.
g. We can explain our memory-forming process with three stages:
1. We first record to-be-remembered information as a fleeting sensory memory.
2. From there, we process information into short-term memory. where we encode it through rehearsal.
3. Finally, information moves into long-term memory for later retrieval.
h. Sensory Memory- The immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system.
i. Short-term memory- Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten.
Open Document