Concept Comparisons and Analysis Theories

1667 Words Jul 12th, 2012 7 Pages
Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories
UOP
Theoretical Foundations of Nursing
NUR/513
Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories Nursing theory is relatively new and as such, it continues to evolve as new knowledge is gained. There are numerous theories of nursing, each of which took years to develop and most of which continue to evolve and adapt. There are commonalities between and among the existing theories although each may focus more heavily on different aspects of responsibilities. It has to do with the philosophical foundations for each theory. Moore, (Moore, 2008) reported a nursing metaparadigm of four basic concepts: "person, health, environment, and nursing." Another author suggested the core
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Exactly where they are on the continuum is determined by the balance found in each of the five factors in the metaparadigm (Tourville and Ingalls, 2003). For example, how a person reacts to stressors has a great impact on their health. It is the nurse's responsibility to help the patient restore balance and stability of the five factors (Tourville and Ingalls, 2003). This is very similar to the nurse's responsibility according to Orem. It also reflects the metaparadigm on nursing theories as well as the core concepts as presented by others. Jean Watson's theory of nursing is based on the ideas of a number of philosophers and psychologists, including Carl Rogers, most specifically on his "phenomenological psychology and philosophy" (Tourville and Ingalls, 2003, p. 21). Her theory evolved over at least two decades of diverse experiences. Watson's theory is referred to as Transpersonal Caring because it emphasizes unity in the world (Tourville and Ingalls, 2003). Watson proposed that caring is a natural act for humans and it becomes a moral principle at the point when a patient and a nurse share a caring experience (Watson 2007). According to Watson, the goal of nursing is to help the patient achieve harmony of mind, body and spirit (Watson, 2007). To apply Watson's model, a nurse needs to create a shared caring experience with a patient. This shared experience will lead to better outcomes for the patient as well as a
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