Concept of Critical Care

1266 Words Aug 5th, 2011 6 Pages
CONCEPT OF CRITICAL CARE
Critical care nursing is that specialty within nursing that deals specifically with human responses to life-threatening problems. * As defined by the World Federation of Critical Care Nurses: Specialized nursing care of critically ill patients who have manifest or potential disturbances of vital organ functions. Critical care nursing means assisting, supporting and restoring the patient towards health, or to ease the patient’s pain and to prepare them for a dignified death.
Aim
To establish a therapeutic relationship with patients and their relatives and to empower the individuals’ physical, psychological, sociological, cultural and spiritual capabilities by preventive, curative and rehabilitative
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Caring practice * Is the use of a therapeutic and compassionate environment to focus on the patient’s needs. * Also involves maintaining a safe environment, interacting with the patient and his family in a compassionate and respectful manner throughout the critical care stay and supporting the patient and his family in end-of-life issues and decisions.
Collaboration
* Models of collaborative care include case management and outcome management * Case management consists of coordinating and organizing patient care in collaboration with the primary care practitioner. * Outcome management uses a quality improvement process and team approach to manage patient outcomes.
Cultural diversity * A critical
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