Concepts Found in Jainism Essay

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Concepts found in Jainism have no real origin, but have been attributed with its closest founder Nataputta Vardamana, later to be known by his followers as Mahavira, is credited with taking ideas from Hinduism separating into this new religion. Jainism emphasizes the Hindu belief of: ahimsa (non-injury to life) and moksha (release from the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth through asceticism (Lewis, 2009, pp. 123-124). These beliefs are incorporated into their lives and have profound effects in the public lives of Jains. The belief system of Jainism rejected the caste system and knowledge of the Vedas which was a primary belief of Hinduism. The teachings of Jainism do not focus on various Gods, worship, or sacrifice; but a…show more content…
“Generally, all Jains seek to follow the first three vows as much as possible; those who enter the monastic order keep all five” (Lewis, 2009, p. 126). When these pillars are applied it opens the door for the release from the cycle of birth, life, and death, which is the goal of Jainism. Without keeping all five of these pillars it is believed that this cycle cannot be broken.
Daily Routine of a Jain Monk Jain Monks start their day homeless, naked, and without owning any possessions. The Jain sect called the Svetambara (literally, “the white-clad”) does not observe nudity in their daily worship and wear white robes; the second sect, called the Digambara (literally, “the sky-clad”) which observe total nudity in the devotion to the religion (Lewis, 2009, pp. 126-127). Then, the monk finds an open patch of earth without any insects, and performs a form of personal hygiene, which consists of washing his head and feet, while taking a complete bath is not permissible. After this, the monk returns to the monastic chamber where he studies the sacred texts of Jainism. “He sits in meditation to identify his faults such as negligence in behavior towards living creatures” (Jain Ascetism, para. 4).
Then he proceeds to the nearby temple to pay devotions to the jina (one who has conquered the worldly passions by one's own strenuous efforts) (Sangave, 2006). After completing these devotions he returns to shravakas (a local Jain family) where he eats. During this time there
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