Concepts Within Community And Public Health

1362 Words Aug 13th, 2014 6 Pages
Grand Canyon University
Concepts in community and public health
Sheila Hicks
August 16, 2014 Epidemiology
World Health Organization has called Tuberculosis the second greatest killer caused by a single infectious agent after HIV and AIDS, it has been declared as a public health crisis which is contagious, deadly and with grave consequences for those affected. Tuberculosis is found more often in third world and developing countries. More than 80% of people in Asia and Africa test positive for TB. Early in the 19th century many deaths have been recorded in Europe, where as in the United States it has been well controlled until recent studies have shown a comeback with medication resistance organism (Doucleff, 2013). Tuberculosis dates back as far as the olden Egyptian times. DESCRIPTION
Tuberculosis is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. T.B is an aerobic bacterium, rod shaped non-motile in nature, mostly found in the upper lobes of the lungs (Todar, 2012). Tuberculosis’s scientific name is Mycobacterium tuberculosis which means acid fast bacteria. TB can remain inactive in the body for years without spreading to other people or causing sickness to the carrier in any way. According to WHO one third of the world’s population has the TB bacteria but not actively infected because the…
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