Concepts of State, Politics, Government, Governance and Administration

2249 Words Jun 14th, 2010 9 Pages
CONCEPTS OF STATE, POLITICS, GOVERNMENT, GOVERNANCE AND ADMINISTRATION

I. What is Political Science?

A. It’s etymological meaning

POLITICS

- The word Politics comes from the Greek word “polis” meaning “city-state, and was defined by Aristotle in his book “The Politics” as in every city state there is a kind of association and that man by nature is a political animal. - Politics is also the means of organizing collective human activity. - The essence of social existence is Politics and that 2 or more men interacting with one another are invariably involved in a political relationship. - According to Dahl, Politics arises when people living together in associations and which involve
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Ex: UN, ASEAN, APEC, VFA, etc.

• Government – is a distinct branch of study dealing with the government set upof a state on both national and local levels. EX: UK’s Monarchical Gov’t.

• Comparative Government – seeks the similarities and differences among states regards to their executive, legislative, judiciary bodies, constitution and laws, administrative organizations, political parties and interest groups, policies and processes. Ex: Democratic US vs Communistic USSR

• Public Administration are the techniques, methods of managing and administering government in the ff. phases: administration organization, personnel administration, financial or fiscal administration and management of good public relations. Ex: Smile Campaign of the Civil service commission. • Political Dynamics – concerned with the interplay of different societal forces that influence political decision and action , forces eg: economic, social, political, moral/religious, environmental, educational, and cultural

• Government and Business – modern political economy, wherein it focuses on the way the government does business or
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