Concepts of State, Politics, Government, Governance and Administration

2256 Words Jun 21st, 2010 10 Pages
CONCEPTS OF STATE, POLITICS, GOVERNMENT, GOVERNANCE AND ADMINISTRATION

I. What is Political Science?

A. It’s etymological meaning

POLITICS

- The word Politics comes from the Greek word “polis” meaning “city-state, and was defined by Aristotle in his book “The Politics” as in every city state there is a kind of association and that man by nature is a political animal. - Politics is also the means of organizing collective human activity. - The essence of social existence is Politics and that 2 or more men interacting with one another are invariably involved in a political relationship. - According to Dahl, Politics arises when people living together in associations and which involve
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Ex: UN, ASEAN, APEC, VFA, etc.

• Government – is a distinct branch of study dealing with the government set upof a state on both national and local levels. EX: UK’s Monarchical Gov’t.

• Comparative Government – seeks the similarities and differences among states regards to their executive, legislative, judiciary bodies, constitution and laws, administrative organizations, political parties and interest groups, policies and processes. Ex: Democratic US vs Communistic USSR

• Public Administration are the techniques, methods of managing and administering government in the ff. phases: administration organization, personnel administration, financial or fiscal administration and management of good public relations. Ex: Smile Campaign of the Civil service commission. • Political Dynamics – concerned with the interplay of different societal forces that influence political decision and action , forces eg: economic, social, political, moral/religious, environmental, educational, and cultural

• Government and Business – modern political economy, wherein it focuses on the way the government does business or…

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