Conceptual Framework For Addressing Functional Decline

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Conceptual framework for addressing functional decline in elderly Health is probably the most significant aspect of human life as it allows individuals to properly experience the nature of one’s existence and surroundings. World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a state of physical and psychosocial wellness and not simply the absence of diseases or illnesses (Callahan, 1973). On a personal level, health can be defined as an ability to carry out day-to-day activities without loss of independence and functioning and wellness as the subjective perception of one’s health. Thus, in the continuum of wellness to illness, health can be defined in terms of functionality (McMahon & Fleury, 2012). Decline in physical and cognitive function is usually associated with a part of aging (Schönknecht, Pantel, Kruse, & Schröder, 2014). Functional decline is considered to be a hallmark of aging process and it is commonly accepted as a normal part of senescent changes by individuals, families, and health care providers (López-Otín, Blasco, Partridge, Serrano, & Kroemer, 2013). The decline in functional status is generally attributed to be the result of acute or chronic medical conditions (Druss et al., 2014) however; too often, functional decline in elderly is the consequence of lack of physical and cognitive activities and type of care they receive and do not receive on a regular basis (Shearer & Guthrie, 2013). This paper provides the background and significance of functional
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