Conceptual and Theoretical Understanding of Corruption in Nigeria

5316 Words Jun 26th, 2012 22 Pages
PAPER’S TITLE: CONCEPTUAL AND THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA
AUTHOR: OBAH-AKPOWOGHAHA, NELSON GOLDPIN
CURRENT INSTITUTION/AFILIATION: Post Graduate (Msc) Student at Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife Osun State, Nigeria. Department of Political Science, P. O. Box 2006 OAU Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Email: goldefc2all@yahoo.co.uk. Tel: +2348062698441
ABSTRACT
The paper discusses theoretical perspectives of corruption, its causes, forms, pattern that it has taken and devices used to manipulate the 2003 election by some politicians in Nigeria. To properly ascertain the cause and effects of corruption in Nigeria, the paper examines and discusses some sociological theories that help to explain the trend of
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On this viewpoint scholars have noted that the above variables are the remote causes of corruption in Africa (Aluko, 2002; The Guardian, 17 April, 2005.p14)
1.2 The Concept of Corruption
The etymological pedigree of corruption is derivable from Latin word “corruptus” which means “To Break” (Oladele, 2004). Corruption is an encompassing word which stands not only for institutional decadence but also includes moral and personal decadence such as bribery, favouritism, nepotism, cheating, sexual gratification and other unfair means adopted by any individual to extract some socially and legally prohibited favour (Dwivedi, 1967; Akinbowale, 2000). The famous international organization on issues of public corruption, Transparency International (TI) sees it as the misuse of entrusted power for private gain. The World Bank and its agencies (IMF) described corruption as the abuse of public office by person or group of person for private gain. Elsewhere, the word connotes the lowering down of one’s integrity in the performance of a duty, especially in relation to the state or state owned enterprises. The act of an official or judiciary person who unlawfully and uses his/her station or quality to procure some good for himself/herself or for another person, contrary to duty and the freedom of others. Perhaps, indisputably is the fact that corruption, like any other social
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