Conflict In Israel, Israel And The Arab War

Decent Essays
The turmoil in the Levant region is constantly viewed as an ancient conflict that has been going on for centuries, fueled by religious hatred. In reality the current conflict has less to do with religion than the conflicting claims of two groups to the same region. These claims were made in the early 20th century, anticipating the fall of the Ottoman Empire, with the backing of British promises of an independent state for both sides. These claims stoked nationalism on both sides. The regional arabs began to see themselves as Palestinian before arabs and the new jewish zionist movement called for a jewish state. From the end of the first world war to 1947 both groups claimed the land as their own. That was until the Holocaust.
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Many viewed this as the beginning of the end of the greater Israeli-Arab conflict.
Gradually over the next few decades the surrounding arab nations came to peace with the existence of Israel. But this also marked the beginning of the modern Israeli-Palestinian conflict because Israel still occupied the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The occupation led to the creation of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1964. They hoped to liberate all of Palestine through violence and destroy the state of Israel. The fighting between Israel and the PLO went on for years. The PLO later conceded and were willing to share the territory with Israel but there was a major issue.
After the annexation of Gaza and the West Bank, Israeli citizens began to settle in the former Palestinian territories. These communities attracted Israelis for various reasons. Many created settlements to claim the land for religious or political reasons, while others capitalized on the inexpensive real estate in the region. The rise of settlements in the occupied regions brought about international criticism due to their legality. The Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 prohibits the occupation of territories in a war. Despite this the Israeli government maintains that their settlement are legal because the territories obtained in the Six Days War do not apply to the Fourth Geneva Convention. The government's complacency with
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