Conflict Termination Outcomes And Recurrence

1481 Words6 Pages
2. Literature Review
2.1 Conflict Termination Outcomes and Recurrence
The means in which a conflict comes to an end has caught the interest of the academic community since decades ago. In the civil wars literature, there are different studies related to this topic, however most them have arrived to the same conclusion: civil wars ended by peace agreements are more likely to recur.

One of the most popular exponents of the previous thesis is Edward N. Luttwak’s “Give war a chance”, where he argues that negotiated settlements produce the most unstable peace, since those instruments do not alter the organizational capacity of both parties. Luttwak (1999) notes that “an unpleasant truth, often overlooked is that although war is a great evil, it does have a great virtue: it can resolve political conflicts and lead to peace. This can happen when all belligerents become exhausted or when one wins decisively” (p.36).

According to Luttwak´s perspective in the presence of a peace agreement, the parties do not have enough incentives to reach a lasting settlement since none of them is threated by defeat or loss, instead they may be preparing for future confrontation, fact that lead to an scenario where effective policies for reconstruction and post-conflict recovery are not truly being implemented. “Uninterrupted war would certainly have caused further suffering and led to an unjust outcome from one perspective or another, but it would also have led to a more stable situation that

More about Conflict Termination Outcomes And Recurrence

Get Access