Conflict on Oil Between Sudan and South Sudan

1008 WordsFeb 24, 20135 Pages
Conflict on Oil Between Sudan and South Sudan After decades of civil war between North and South Sudan a nation wide referendum was held in January 2011 granting the independence of South Sudan by a majority vote of nearly 99% in favor or partitioning the once united war plagued nation (NYT 2012). Unfortunately however, the division of these two states did not put an end to the fighting. South Sudan, one of the least developed countries in the world, gained nearly 70% of the formerly united nation's oil reserve (CNN 2012). Sudan, a far more developed country, on the other hand, was the only of the two nations with access to the necessary processing facilitates and pipelines needed to export the oil overseas. The failure of these two…show more content…
However, it does not seem as if the United States hopes of having a western friendly nation in a volatile region will occur as both nations continue to spend a large sum of the money invested arming their militias in preparation for more fighting (NYT 2012). In a short time, it became apparent that neither country would survive without some form of negotiation. While an agreement would in no way put an end to the violence between the two states, it would prevent them from spiraling toward an economic disaster. In recent news, with massive pressure from many international governmental organizations such as the United Nations Security Council, or the UN, Sudan President Omar al-Bashir and South Sudan President Salva Kiir have been in constant communication to negotiate a proper price regarding the exportation and processing of the oil. The UN approved a resolution in May 2012 threatening economic sanctions if an agreement could not be made between the two nations. The UN feared that the fighting in Sudan and South Sudan would spread across the continent, posing a "serious threat to international peace". Even Russia and China, who have resisted voting against sanctions in Sudan in the past have approved such resolutions (Kron). Without international support, Sudan and South Sudan would not be able to survive, and thus have been forced to speed up negotiations. While the finishing touches of

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