Conflicts and Frustrations

2392 Words Feb 3rd, 2013 10 Pages

Conflict * It is the emotional state or condition in which people have to make difficult decisions about two or more competing motives, behaviors or impulses. * Kurt Lewin(was a German-American psychologist, known as one of the modern pioneers of social, organizational, and applied psychology)

* He described two opposite tendencies of conflict: approach and avoidance. When something attracts us, we want to approach it; when something frightens us, we try to avoid it. * For example: Choosing between two equally desirable academic courses, both of which will advance your career plans but which meet at the same schedule .
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* The environment does not afford all incentives that our various motives require.
Example conditions: * Food may not be available to satisfy hunger. * One may not have the money to purchase what he wants or needs. * One’s friends may not provide the attention and admiration that required to satisfy his desires for status, love and so on.

Sources of frustration (Lerit)
Human frustrations stems from three sources: * Inability to overcome obstacles in the physical environment. * Inability to overcome restrictions imposed by other people. * Inability to satisfy conflicting motives or to obtain incompatible goals.
*Physical Environment (lerit) * It is always the focus of some frustrations, is of primary importance during infancy and early childhood. * In adulthood, it is not usually a major source of frustration except for the physically or economically handicapped or in times of natural disasters.

Examples: * Disease * Debility * Slum overcrowding * Floods * Fires * Accidents and storms For example: A drought or typhoon can frustrate a farmers because it adversely affect their harvest.

*Social Environment (lerit) * it presents such obstacles as restrictions imposed by other people and the customs and laws of the community. * For example: Children are thwarted by parental denial, disapproval and postponement.

*Organism(itself) (Lerit) * within individuals
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