Essay on Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism

1038 Words 5 Pages
Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism constitute the essence of the traditional Chinese culture. The relationship among the three has been marked by both competition and complementation in history, with Confucianism playing a more dominant role. Confucianism emphasized a reiteration of current moral values and Taoism developed a system of based upon a harmonization of man with the natural order. These two popular philosophies, however, developed into popular religions eventually. Besides the major religions, ancestor worship and animism also have strong support in China. Chinese people are very pragmatic, worshipping gods that might answer their prayers.
Confucius (551–479 B.C.) was a Chinese philosopher and founder of the Confucian school of
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Daoism is a philosophy or way of life. Dao means the "way" or the "path". Daoists devoted themselves to reflection and introspection in an effort to understand the fundamental character of the world and nature.
Confucius revered tradition and encouraged his disciples to study historical records, music, poetry, and ritual. Confucius talked repeatedly of his vision of a more perfect society in which rulers and subjects, nobles and commoners, parents and children, and men and women would wholeheartedly accept the roles assigned to them, devoting themselves to their responsibilities to others. Confucius taught code of proper conduct. Although Confucianism is often followed in a religious manner by the Chinese, arguments continue over whether it is a religion. Confucianism discusses elements of the afterlife and views’ concerning Heaven, but it is relatively unconcerned with some spiritual matters often considered essential to religious thought, such as the nature of the soul. He created amoral code on based on ethics, humanity and love. Confucius philosophies emphasize the ideals of order and harmony. Confucianism is an ethical system rather than a religion. (Ethics deals with human behavior and conduct.) Confucius was mainly concerned with how human beings behaved toward each other and paid little attention to such matters as sin, salvation, and the soul. He developed a system of government, society, and justice
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