Confucius' Concept of Right Governance

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According to his Analects, the ideal person, or junzi, " is one who through disciplined practice sets in motion a sympathetic vibration for others to follow," (Jones, 2000). The ideal person is not a political leader but a moral mentor. The concept of the junzi corresponds well with Confucius's concept of right governance: "When right principles prevail in the kingdom, government will not be in the hands of the great officers," (Analects, 4.16). The qualities of the junzi include being completely morally righteous in the sense of not being tempted by material gain or power. "The profound person understands what is moral. The small person understands what is profitable," (Analects 4.16, cited by Richey, 2005). Confucius uses metaphor to further highlight the qualities of the junzi. The junzi is fully aware and self-composed. "In regard to the use of his eyes, he is anxious to see clearly. In regard to the use of his ears, he is anxious to hear distinctly. In regard to his countenance, he is anxious that it should be benign," (Confucius, Analects, 4.16). Ultimately, the junzi manifests the qualities of ren and yi in every aspect of life. Ren refers to treating others with kindness and benevolence; sometimes rendered as "human-heartedness or authoritative conduct," (Jones, 2000). The concept of ren corresponds with the Confucian vision of "co-humanity," as the character for ren is that of a human being and the number two. Ren is about right relationship. It is linked closely
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