Confucius Essay

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Confucius became famous as a sage, or wise man, of China during the Age of Philosophers. His Five Classics have influenced the civilizations of most of eastern Asia. Confucius was born in the state of Lu when local rulers refused to pay homage to the emperor of a failing Chou dynasty. Confucius hated the disorder that ensued and looked back on a time when things like that were not even thought of. He studied the teachings of the sage’s whose teachings and influences had made China one whole nation at one time. He decided that he was the one who should restore the faith and practices of the old emperors and wise men. Since Confucius was not able to gain an official position in China, he spent most of his life teaching a core…show more content…
During the Zhou dynasty this book was used as an oracle to predict the outcome of a certain situation. It contains 64 designs, or hexagrams, which represent a stage in the universal cycle. This also brought about the idea of the universe having a cycle. Since there are only 64 hexagrams, the universe must start over at the end of the cycle when it reaches the end. This is also where the book gets its name. These cycles became an integral part of Chinese culture. The idea was applied to their concepts of time, life, and people. The dynastic rulers moved in a cycle that began with the mythologically good first ruler and ended with the degenerate final ruler. Life followed a cycle from birth to a peak and a final descent into death. This also led to the idea and awareness that all things in the universe are related. Since there are only 64 states of being, all things must share these states and be related to each other.2 The second book is the Shu Jing, which is translated as The Book of Documents. The Shu Jing is a collection of documents that allegedly go back to the Shang dynasty, the first historical dynasty of China. This can be disputed, but that is not the most important fact about the book. The reason Shu Jing is important is that it is the first work of history and political science in the history of China. It shows history taking place due to the process of changes. It treats history as a tool with which mankind can reflect on past events

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