Congenital Condition Of Congenital Heart Defects

914 WordsNov 21, 20154 Pages
A congenital heart defect is an issue with the actual anatomy of the heart. This issue is normally presented at the time of birth. Congenital heart defects are some of the most common type of birth defect. Eight out of one thousand newborns are diagnosed with a congenital heart defect. Congenital defects can often affect any anatomical part of the heart. It can affect the valves, walls, arteries and veins near the heart. Congenital defects can affect the flow of blood through the heart, they can cause it to go the wrong direction, be blocked or slowed down. “Although aortic coarctation can occur anywhere along the aorta, the coarctation is most often located near a blood vessel called the ductus arteriosus”. (2) It is often known that the congenital heart defects can display little to no signs and symptoms. Congenital heart defects that are more severe can display signs and symptoms that can be life threatening. They are diagnosed during pregnancy or right after birth, during a physical assessment. One of the anatomical parts that could be affected by a congenital issue is the aorta. The aorta is considered the largest blood vessel in the body. It is the passage where the oxygen-rich blood leaves from the left side of the body the heart and carries oxygen throughout the body. In a healthy functioning heart the blood flows from the superior and inferior vena cava the right into the right atrium. Blood flows from the right atrium pass the tricuspid valve into the right
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