Congestive Failure Of Congestive Heart Failure

1832 WordsSep 30, 20178 Pages
What is congestive heart failure? Congestive heart failure which is simply referred to as heart failure is a chronic progressive disease that affects the heart 's ability to pump blood effectively. Specifically, it means the heart is weakened to the point that it is not able to contract and circulate blood adequately. This weakened pump creates a backup of circulation and gives rise to a host of symptoms and debilitating conditions. The word “congestive” heart failure derives its meaning from the blood congesting the lungs, abdomen, liver, and lower extremities. Background To fully know what happens in congestive heart failure, it is important to be acquainted with how the heart functions and its anatomy. There is two independent…show more content…
Increased fluid in the left side causes pressure into the lungs hence damaging the right side. More than 1.5% of the population are currently affected with CHF and is associated with excess mortality and morbidity. It is one of the major cardiovascular disease that has an increasing incidence and prevalence, due to relatively ineffective treatment, a decrease in acute cardiovascular morbidity and the aging population. It has emerged as the top reason for hospitalization in patients who are over 65 years of age. Causes of congestive heart failure Congestive heart failure happen because of the added stress due to health conditions. These can either harm the heart or make it function too hard (Josias 2010). There are many conditions that damage the muscles of the heart and cause congestive heart failure. Some of these conditions include; lifestyle factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, eating foods with high cholesterol and being overweight, Coronary artery disease (CAD), Cardiomyopathy and Heart attack, are some of the conditions that overwork the heart. CAD is an artery disease where the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart becomes hardened or narrowed due to the build-up of cholesterol and plaque in the inner wall; this causes a reduced blood flow to the heart muscles. Hence, if the arteries become severely narrowed or blocked, the heart becomes deficient for nutrients and oxygen. Heart attack, on the other

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