Conquest of South America Essay

785 Words 4 Pages
The conquest of Mexico began when Hernando Cortes first arrived in South America. When he started his first movement of the conquest, some people looked at him as a great leader or a God and others saw him as a simple man. His conquest brought the Spaniards and Indians happiness and sorrow at the same time. The differences between the Spaniards and the Indian accounts were vast and varied from writer to writer, for a man's deeds could be bad and good.

The differences that the reader encounters within a Spanish point of view are between Diaz's and Tapia's descriptions of Cortes' leadership and personality. Diaz describes this conquest as being more religious as they all commanded themselves to God before going to war. He quotes Cortes as
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The differences within the Indian account were between Sahagun and Lienzo. In his writings, Sahagun believes that Spaniards were unfair toward the Cholula, by treacherously attacking them because they were Mexico's friends. He blames the Tlaxcalan people for helping the Spaniards and for turning them against Tenochtitlan. Sahagun compares the Spaniards to monkeys and pigs, which signifies that they were savages and desired nothing else but gold, "Like monkeys they grabbed the gold. For gold was what they greatly thirsted for" (page 122). Sahagun also does not mention Cortes in his documents, but shows hatred toward the Spaniards. Meanwhile, Lienzo expressed himself through paintings and admired the alliance of the Spaniards and the Tlaxcala. The reader develops a belief that Tlaxcalan people were good and the Spaniards were nothing else but superior and fair. Unlike Sahagun, Lienzo gives detailed pictures of Cortes and signifies the importance of Dona Marina. From Lienzo's point of view, it could also be interpreted that the Spaniards defended themselves, rather than attacked Cholula. Lienzo omits the battles between Tlaxcala and the Spaniards simply because he thought that Taxcala made a mistake in fighting the Spaniards and they wanted to forget the past and build a future together. On the other side, Sahagun describes the Tlaxcalans as cowards who did not dare to resist the Spaniards, but
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