In the article, “The truth about fracking,” Chris Mooney analyzes the effects of fracking by big companies looking to extract natural gas. Fracking is done by drilling deep underground, even 5000 feet at times, and shooting high pressure water loaded with chemicals to extract gases that serve as energy. The U.S. has been fracking for about 65 years and there is enough gas in U.S. soil to last many decades to come but there are many setbacks.
Fracking is a shorter form of Hydraulic Fracturing which is the extraction process of both natural gas and oil. The process involves drilling deep into the Earth’s surface. Fractures are then created by “pumping large quantities of fluids at high pressure down a welfare and into the target rock formation” (EPA, 2016). After making these openings for the gas or oil to come up (known as “flowback”) the materials can be stored. The reason the fracking process occurs is because “more usual methods of extraction may not be able to fully reach the deposits of shale gas and oil” (2015).
In the process of fracking, the first step is to drill a hole deep into the earth vertically and then to drill horizontally and put in a steel pipe. According to EnergyFromShale.org, water, sand and other chemicals are fed down a thin pipe, or surface casing at high pressure to create cracks in the ground to release any trapped oil. A ton of water is used in this process. EnergyFromshale.com states that almost one-hundred percent of the materials used is water and part sand. According to dangersoffracking.com, one to eight million gallons of water are used for just one fracture per day. It is also stated that forty thousand gallons of chemicals are used to help the flow of the water. That is an immense amount of materials
Author Note This paper was prepared for HEOP/AOP English, taught by Mrs. Gigante Hydraulic Fracturing in the United States Hydraulic Fracturing, also known as fracking, is directly linked to having effects on the environment and the overall public health. The debate on whether or not fracking is too harsh on the
What is fracking? Fracking, according to Webster’s Dictionary, is to force water, sand, and chemical fluids into a crack or seam in a subterranean level of rock so that natural gas or oil may be harvested as it escapes through the crack. Fracking causes many harmful effects to the environment, but it does help the economy in a tremendous way. Fracking can cause loads of chemicals out into the air and into the water supply and it can also cause small earthquakes and tremors. It is useful for the economy because there is a lot of money to be made in this new industry and it provides an extreme amount of jobs and opportunity for the public. Although it is very helpful, fracking is more wrong because the damage done to our planet is much more important and concerning compared to the notion of quick cash.
Hydraulic Fracking is the act of shooting or drilling chemicals and liquids into the ground at a high speed in order to break the rocks and earth below. When you break the rocks, or fracture them, it releases the natural gas that is trapped inside. Fracking is a controversial topic, with benefits seen by some and devastating results seen by others. The state of Texas allows fracking, and it is a technique used all over the state. The Obama administration and the federal government believe that fracking can lead the country away from dependence on fossil fuels and into a new generation of clean energy. However, environmental agencies believe that fracking is just another energy source that is no better for the environment than coal, and leads to contaminated water. Fracking companies do not have to follow the Safe Water Drinking Act of 1974, whose purpose is to protect groundwater for the people.
Dear Senator, It’s been over 65 years since fracking first began as a method of extraction by oil and gas companies, but the government has done little to regulate the catastrophic practice. How anyone could consider injecting tens of thousands of gallons of water and chemicals deep into the ground being a good idea is beyond me. Those chemicals include chlorine, acetone, benzene, formaldehyde, ammonia, and almost 600 other chemicals that fracking operations won’t even reveal to the public. These chemicals, despite denial by all major natural gas and oil companies that practice fracking, almost always end up in groundwater supplies. I’m sure you’ve seen at least one video online of someone who lives near a fracking site lighting the water coming out of their faucet on fire. Thanks to a ruling in 2005 under the Bush administration, fracking operations are exempt from the Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean
“I´m very proud that the state of Vermont banned fracking. I hope communities all over California, and all over America do the same.”- Sen. Bernie Sanders. Although, fracking may seem safe, it really isn't. In fact, many have reported contaminated sources near fracking areas. However, living near a fracking well can cause a hard life in the household, that is near a site. Once again, problems arise as fracking becomes a common practice. Even though, there are advantages they are not reasonable. All in all, there are multiple reasons why fracking is not safe.
Fracking Fracking is a very debated topic around the world, whether we should continue fracking for the oil and gas it produces, or if the pollution caused by fracking is too much of problem. On the negative side of fracking, the effects from include: worsened asthma, stress, heavy pollution around the oil and gas sites, etc. If you look on the positive side of fracking you’ll find it is a way of producing oil and gas that could take America to the top in terms of energy export around the world, and it creates numerous jobs, which surely helps out the American economy.
Now more than ever, our planet sees itself on the brink of self-destruction. From the many harmful practices humans have inflicted on the Earth, fracking may be the most dangerous. Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth and injecting fracking fluid at high pressures to fracture rocks and collect natural gas. The use of hydraulic fracturing in the US has not only evolved the energy industry, but also raised environmental concerns.
Soon, there will not be enough natural energy to sustain the growing population and aging earth. Although this has led to many different methods to obtaining other natural resources then that of fossil fuels; one of the methods is Hydraulic Fracturing. Fracking is a hole drilled into earth until it finds a shale rock, it then releases a high-pressure water mixture to break the rock and release the gas inside. The process creates new for gas to be pushed out from deep within the earth to create natural energy.
Another reason why the United States must make fracking illegal is because it can have a negative effect on water sources. During fracking, the fluid, which consists of over 596 toxic chemicals, is pumped into the ground, soon after, once all of the gas is extracted from the operation, some of that fluid stays deep underground, and becomes increasingly toxic as it comes picks up radioactivity, or other underground contaminants (White). These fluids can sink into aquifers and turn water into a noxious mix, even the water that comes back up is almost untreatable after coming in contact with these chemicals (Griswold). Although the dangers are well known, it is no surprise that water sources have already been contaminated due to inattentiveness.
Hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as “fracking” is a cost-efficient and innovative process to obtain natural gases from underground. Greengarbageblog.org describes fracking as, “Good News for America’s Economy”, however some claim this method is dangerous, environmentally destructive, and unreliable. Fracking exists in 32 states, and the industry is still growing. This
First of all, what is fracking? Hydraulic fracturing is the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at high
Some people believe fracking is good for mankind, but it is in fact good for modern technology and terrible for the environment that man lives in. Fracking provides us with oil and natural gas. The process of fracking is to drill into the earth and pump water and other chemicals into the earth to create cracks or fissure in the shale rock, allowing the gases to be released into a well for collection. The chemicals used in fracking can include water, sand, salt, citric acid, benzene or lead, which can be dangerous if not isolated and used properly. If these chemicals were to leak out in the public they would cause serious health problems and even death. If human life isn’t a good enough reason to end fracking then I don’t know what is. (bib 1, 2, 3)