Consequences of Crime

1023 Words5 Pages
Consequences of Crime Through the passage of time, many theorists have attempted to understand and prove the reasons for different types of human behavior, in an effort to discover an advisable way to encourage positive conduct, as well as discourage criminal action. At the same time, the question of whether or not punishment, as offered from within the punitive abilities of the criminal justice system, is sufficiently adequate to achieve these goals. In bringing answers to these problems and more, the ensuing paragraphs will cover the penalties associated with crime, various behavior reinforcement techniques and the effectiveness of current correctional methods. As part of the criminal process, the American justice system offers…show more content…
Furthermore, reinforcements, which refer to the use of a primary or secondary reinforcer, are separated into three basic forms: positive, negative and punishment. To clarify, positive reinforcement is generally explained as an action that raises the likelihood that a desired response will repeat itself; negative reinforcement removes an unfavorable condition, with the exchange of receiving a preferred action, while the basic task of punishment is to cause a behavior to cease and desist. In addition, the styles or methods utilized to adjust responses must account for the time between reinforcement and behavior, as this is exceedingly significant; for as Mazur (2006) observed, “operant reinforcement is most effective when it rapidly follows a correct response” (as cited in Coon & Mitterer, 2011, p. 235). Conversely, with the absence of continued and consistent reinforcement, a behavior tends to stop and is referred to as extinction. Through the rehabilitative efforts of the justice system, prison sentences have seemingly become a revolving door arrangement between criminals and enforcers of the law. As evidence, the crime statistics report for Fairfax County, Virginia, authorized by Colonel David Roher of the Fairfax County Police Department (2009), points out, “a few people in each district often account for multiple burglaries, and we continually deal with some of the
Open Document