Consequences of Inequality and the Ways in Which are Reproduced

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Inequality focuses upon the way that resources are distributed across the whole society. In this distribution there are significant differences for children who come from varying social backgrounds. The study of such differences or inequalities has become one of the main concerns of sociological research in education. Sociologists have also paid attention to the consequences of inequality, and the ways in which inequalities are reproduced and transmitted from generation to generation. The most basic question about inequality concerns the uneven distribution of rewards. Inequalities of income and wealth are central, but these are fundamentally different concepts. Income refers to the receipt of money or goods over a particular …show more content…
Therefore, these issues are not something specific to the UK but exist world-wide
A focus on income or wealth inequality is but one side of the sociological examination of inequalities. Inequality of outcomes is status inequality. Inequality on the basis of status refers not to the amount of income, but rather a particular social location. For example, the social position of a “medicine man” meant high social prestige. In modern societies, status attached to particular occupations. The link between inequalities in families and inequalities in the work place has been a widely debated topic. While human capital theorists have postulated that women choose to prioritize family over work and women’s smaller incomes and occupational choices reflect those preferences, feminist sociologists have developed alternative theories which emphasize that women’s subordinate roles in heterosexual families are disadvantaging women in the workplace. Research on inequality starts from the analysis of the difference between individuals.
Max Weber argued (Economy and Society, 1922 {trans. 1968} Ch. 1 pp50) that the control of opportunities and or rewards by particular groups is a vital source of inequality. They have shown that one of the ways in which groups achieve power is by maintaining formal and informal systems of social closure. Formal systems include legal barriers to entry such as occupational
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