Consequences of Malabsorption Syndrome

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Malabsorption syndrome: Its consequences and the usefulness of evidence-based practice Gastric bypass surgery has been found to be profoundly helpful for some morbidly obese individuals who have struggled to reach a healthy weight using the tools of diet and exercise alone. However, the surgery is a serious undertaking and should not be regarded as a 'quick fix.' One of the most common complications of gastric bypass surgery is malabsorption syndrome. To some extent, the purpose of the surgery is interrelated with this unpleasant 'side effect.' Through the surgery, "the food stream is rerouted so that approximately 60% of the small intestine (the primary site for the absorption of nutrients) is bypassed" (Bariatric Surgery, 2013, ASMB). Because food is in contact with the small intestine for a shorter period of time than in normal individuals, fewer nutrients can be used by the body. On one hand, this has a positive effect in the sense that fewer calories and carbohydrates are available. On the other hand, this also means that fewer vital nutrients can be extracted to support vital life functions. Patients must often consume nutritional supplements to counteract this effect of the surgery. Secondly, "by virtue of this food rerouting, there is less mixing with bile and pancreatic enzymes. Contact with bile is necessary for absorption of fat, and pancreatic enzymes are necessary to break down proteins, fats and complex carbohydrates for absorption. The mixing of
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