Consequentialism And Its Effects On The Greatest Happiness Principle

1527 WordsMay 13, 20167 Pages
Consequentialism is a belief that was formed in an attempt to determine what actions are right or wrong. It is the view that an action is considered to be morally right if it produces better consequences than any other available action would have produced. For example, take into consideration someone debating the morally right action when confronted with the decision of whether to study for a test or whether to go to a movie. According to Consequentialism, studying for a test would be the morally right action. This is because the consequences of the action of studying: getting a good grade on a test, are better than the consequences of the action of going to a movie: enjoying the movie. Utilitarianism is a form of Consequentialism based on the Greatest Happiness Principle. This principle states that actions are right in proportion as they promote happiness and wrong in proportion as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. Utilitarians apply this principle in their belief that one should consider every possible action they may take and choose the one that produces the greatest overall happiness in the world. Utilitarianism is different than Consequentialism because it focuses on human happiness as the consequence of actions. Consequentialism is broader and only takes into consideration better consequences, not what specifically makes one consequence better than another. To help understand a Utilitarian view, it is useful to differentiate between intrinsically and
Open Document