Consequentialism Essay

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Consequentialism and non-consequentialism are both action based ethical frameworks that people can use to make ethical judgments. Consequentialism is based on examining the consequences of one’s actions as opposed to non-consequentialism which is focused on whether the act is right or wrong regardless of the outcome (Burgh, Field & Freakley, 2006). The three sub-categories of consequentialism are altruism, utilitarianism and egoism. Altruism is when the actions of a person promote the best consequences for others, yet do not benefit the person who performed the act. Abruzzi and McGandy (2006) explain that Auguste Comte developed the term to support his ethical stance that humans are morally obliged to serve the interests of others,…show more content…
From an egoism perspective the teacher would disregard the rights of others by taking the path of least resistance in order to minimise the negative consequences for her. The consequences of this would be that the teacher would primarily side with the community and also grant Del’s family their wishes. Under the ethical framework of consequentialism and in regards to this scenario, it is apparent that a utilitarian perspective would result in the most positive outcome. As a teacher you have a responsibility to all stakeholders including yourself therefore, egoism or altruism are inappropriate. From a utilitarian perspective a course of action would be organise a meeting with all of the stakeholders involved to discuss the various issues and actions needed to implement effective inclusive classroom practices both within the classroom and the school. Practices would involve curricular and non-curricular activities. This action plan is justified because it reflects the multicultural nature of our globalised society and all stakeholders benefit in the long term. The four sub-categories of non-consequentialism are natural rights, social contract, deontology and divine command. From a natural rights perspective the belief is that above all else human beings have basic human rights that must be adhered to regardless of the consequences. Locke (1690, as cited in Burgh et al., 2006) developed the
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