Moving is hard. Growing up in the same place, in the same house, with the same people for you whole life and then having to be torn away to move to a new city is a hard thing for anyone, especially children. Riley Andersen, a twelve-year-old girl from Minnesota, goes through a big move when her father gets a new job. Riley and her family have to move to San Francisco, California, moving away from her community, her friends, hockey team, and everything else she has ever known. Her and her two married parents experience stress, unhappiness, and how Community shapes children. Community is a place for a person that involves a neighborhood and the area that surrounds them. Children develop by creating close bonds with people in their community, through things like school or a sports team. (CITE BOOK) The children also develop based on the quality of the neighborhood surrounding them. If the community is a good, wealthy community, a child will most likely partake in sports and good activities; however, if the community is poor,
Parenting styles are used to define in what manner a parent interacts with their child. A theory, first proposed by Baumrind, breaks down parenting styles into three different levels of control and warmth. Permissive parenting involves leniency and indulging the child’s needs, whereas authoritarian parenting involves high levels of control and punishment. In the middle lies authoritative parenting, a style of parenting that practices control, but also values communication and individuality (Karmakar, 2015). In North America, parents are often stuck between an authoritative and permissive style of parenting. Oftentimes, it is believed that a child receives greater happiness and growth from a warm family that directs little control over the actions of the child (Barton & Hirsch, 2014). However, the opposite is true; parents enforcing an authoritative style aided children in higher confidence, allowing them to tackle difficult activities (Hibbard & Walton, 2014). Due to the lack of benefits attained from a permissive style of parenting, it is encouraged that an authoritative style, focusing on warmth and control, be adopted.
All parents have their own methods of raising their children. Some parents are more lenient, some strict, and some are absent entirely. What effect does this have on the children as they grow into adulthood? Studies have shown that different parenting styles can affect a child’s psychological development as well as the child’s overall psychological well-being. Parenting style can determine whether the child will have issues such as problematic behavior or poor school performance. This can also remain to have an effect on these children later in life that can lead to serious problems like substance abuse or depression. There are three recognized styles of parenting: authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive. Each style has different effects on the children, and continues to affect them into adulthood. It can also often be found that in households with multiple children, parents use different parenting methods for each child. These differences can also have profound effects on the development of the children.
It is apparent throughout research parents have a high impact on the outcomes of adolescent emotional regulations and the behavior during adolescents (Feldman, 2011; Jabeen, Haque, & Riaz, 2013; Millings et al., 2012). Jabeen et al. (2013) states "parents play a crucial role in the social and emotional development of children" (pg.85). This part parent's play can be effected as stated above and the fluidity of parenting styles and their effects on adolescents should be observed. Through research looking at performance in school by Areepattamannil (2010), finds that supportive parenting yields higher achievement in school and is nearly as close in relationship to socioeconomic status.
Would you have come out different if your parents used a different parenting style? If you are considered “cool” now could you have come out a nerd if your parents would have used a different parenting style? “Parenting style is one of the primary determinants of your child’s outcome whether he succeeds, achieves, meets the challenges, flounders, gives up, or runs from or fails in handling life.” (6) The purpose of this paper is to describe the outcomes, processes, labor, and techniques of parenting in a psychological point of view. Parenting styles are defined as the “manner in which parents express their beliefs on how to be a good or bad parent.” (4) Each parenting style has its weaknesses and
Authoritative parents “set standards, but also give their child choices. They recognize the good things that their child does, but they do not overlook the bad things. These parents are more confident and nurturing. They set standards that their child can meet. Usually, this type of parenting leads to a positive self-image in the child (Black, 2008). Permissive parents “do not control their children, it is more like the other way around. There is no discipline, and the child grows up knowing they can get whatever they want. When the parent does try to discipline, the child doesn't take it seriously. These parents give in easily and avoid confrontation whenever possible” (Black, 2008). In general American parents raise their children to have an individual personality, and to be independent from a very young age. “Firm disciplines are directed toward the infant and these are gradually relaxed as the child grows” (Suzuki, 2000).
Concept 2 - Parenting Styles There's three parenting styles there's authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive. An authoritarian parent is someone who is strict, imposing many rules and not nurturing. An authoritative parent is someone who is allowing discussion with the kids, placing limits and nurturing. An permissive parent is someone who is inconsistent with few rules and very loving. For me, my mothers parenting style is authoritative, she can be strict, being not too
Parenting styles have been described as the collection of parents’ behaviors which create an atmosphere of parent-child interaction across situation (Mize and Petit, 1997). Darling and Steinberg (1993) defined parenting style as “a constellation of attitudes toward the child that are communicated to the child and that, taken together, create an emotional climate in which the parents’ behaviors have expressed.” Despite these challenges, researchers have uncovered convincing links between parenting styles and the effects these styles have on children. There are different styles of parenting: authoritative, authoritarian and permissive.
Studies have found that authoritative parents foster an environment that breeds few academic problems and high levels of self-determination to do well in school (Aldhafri, 2011). In fact, it is the biggest predictor of later school success and academic competence. (Sartaj & Aslam, 2010). However, another study conducted on Spanish children found that children with permissive and authoritative parents were equal in personal competence (a combination of social competence and grade point average), but children with permissive parents still received more failing grades than authoritative. And the children of authoritative parents scored higher in personal competence than authoritarian, but received the same amount of failing grades (Garcia & Gracia,
In chapter 5 the author summarizes the results of studies by his coauthors, as well as other studies, that examine the influence demographic, cultural and other variables have on the performance of school-age children on standardized tests. In a now familiar theme, the results are plangently counterintuitive. Based on a mountain of school children’s test scores, a successful child appears to be more “made” than nurtured, more mused than molded. The chapter begins by reviewing how many parents get educated on raising their children and how parenting experts swing from one extreme
Parenting styles have been widely defined by Baumrind into three categories, authoritative, authoritarian and permissive. Parenting styles can be defined as a pattern of attitudes in how parents choose to express and communicate with their children. These styles are categorized based on the level of nurturance, parental control and level of responsiveness (Dwairy, 2004). Authoritative style exhibits high levels of demand, responsiveness and nurturance; authoritarian style exhibits high levels of demand but low levels of responsiveness, permissive style exhibits low levels of demand but high in responsiveness and nurturance (Dwairy, 2004). These parenting styles have been proposed to have a significant impact on a child’s
We will evaluate our group in the beginning to see how much they know and understand about
Parenting style is one of many factors that strongly influence child development. One’s choice of parenting style is most often molded by their cultural background. American parents use a myriad of parenting styles, all of which have their roots in various cultural beliefs about which method is best to raise a child. In 1971, clinical and developmental psychologist, Diana Baumrind, recognized three different categories of parenting styles that she believed described most parents’ methods (Berger, 2011). Parents who fell into the authoritarian style of parenting set high standards and strict rules for their children. Disobedience was not tolerated and was met
Imagine your 16-year-old daughter wants to attend a Friday night high school party, and you do not know who will be attending. Using three parenting styles discussed in the lesson, how would an authoritarian parent respond? A democratic parent? A permissive parent?
Psychologists have always debated the role of parenting styles and their influence on the development of children. Parenting styles can be defined as the psychological construct representing the basic strategies that parent use in raising their child (Matsumoto, Juang 2013 p.69). Parenting styles encompass two major aspects of parting those being parental responsiveness and paternal demanding. Paternal responsiveness is essentially the extent at which a parent fosters individuality, self-regulation, and self-assertion. While paternal demanding is the measure of which the parent makes the child