Construction Of Rail Transport Industry

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Rail transport has dominated the shipping industry since the early 19th century, when railways were first created. In response to a growing demand for large scale shipping the rail transport industry has continued to prosper. Throughout railway history there are a few key concepts regarding operations management; including: the design of goods and services, quality management systems, and competition within and outside of the industry.
Design of Goods and Services
Horses were the original power sources for trains; while this worked for small loads and short distances, it proved to be futile for large loads and long distances. With an increasing demand for more cargo being shipped longer distances a more effective method became imperative. Therefore, came the production of the steam engine. During the production of the steam engine designs struggled to find the right proportions between parts. The first successful model was the John Bull, while this was a huge success, it’s wood burning power sources also quickly became inefficient. Burning coal was the next power source and proved to be much more ideal. After the successful production of the steam engine the race was on to the productivity of locomotives to their full potential. Technology changed rapidly and companies were constantly changing the types of locomotives they used. In the early 20th century, the creation of diesel powered locomotives eventually replaced the steam engine. Recent changes involve the types of
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