Construction of the Empire State Building

3610 Words Oct 8th, 2011 15 Pages
| Project Risk Management | Course Project Part II Construction of the Empire State Building | PM 595 | [Type the author name] | 10/9/2011 |

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Table of Contents
Introduction……………………………………………………………………...3
Sources of Construction Project Risks………………………………………….3 Timeline Risk………………………………………………………….… 3 Cost Risk……………………………………………………………….…4 Design Issues…………………………………………………………..….5 Force majeure………………………………………………………….....5
Systems to address construction project risk…………………………………...6 Technology…………………………………………………………….….6 People…………………………………………………………………...…7 Planning……………………………………………………………………7
Catastrophic failure fault tree…………………………………………………....9 Discussion of fault
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Design issues
As like any other building the design of the Empire State building is prone to bad design. A bad design could pose a major risk as any miscalculation or oversight would mean that its structure may not be able to handle the stress and enormous loads. Design may show low probability but will have very high impact if the building comes crashing down. The Empire State Building was the first commercial construction project to employ the technique of fast-track construction, a commonplace approach today but very new in the early 20th Century. This technique consists of starting the construction process before the designs are fully completed in order to reduce delays and inflation costs. In this case, it was imperative to use the fast-track construction method to win the race for the tallest building (2). Force majeure
By definition, force majeure is a "superior force", also known as cas fortuit (French) or casus fortuitus (Latin) "chance occurrence, unavoidable accident" (11). Force majeure may be repeated heavy hail, or an earthquake, or a hurricane. The building is intended to stand for some years should be able to meet these challenges. A flexible structure may avoid destruction in an earthquake, while a more solid building with good masonry would be destroyed. Earthquakes can also result in foundation problems when moist filled land liquefies (13). The Empire State