Constructivism : A Cognitive Learning Theory

1151 Words Feb 24th, 2016 5 Pages
Constructivism: A Cognitive Learning Theory
Erica Johnson
Lourdes University Constructivism: A Cognitive Learning Theory According to Kivunja (2014), “a learning paradigm is a conceptual model that represents understanding of relationships involved in the learning process” (p.82). Cognitive learning theories were developed from the work of Gestalt psychologists during the early 1900’s (Billings & Halstead, 2012). According to Billings & Halstead (2012), “Gestalt psychologists believe people respond to whole situations or patterns rather than parts” (p.209). Cognitive theories are based on active, rather than passive learning, which is goal oriented. One cognitive theory that is well known is constructivism.
Constructivism is a learning theory based on philosophy, psychology, sociology, and education with subsets of research within cognitive psychology and social psychology (Brandon & All, 2010). The theory focuses on how we learn and think, rather than memorization and recitation of the quantity of information (Liu & Chen, 2010). Trial constructivism is the root of constructivism and its principles originated from Jean Piaget (Liu & Chen, 2010). In trail constructivism the learner actively seeks knowledge instead of receiving it from the environment (Liu & Chen, 2010). Ernest von Glasersfeld then built on trial constructivism and founded radical constructivism, which is a process in which the learner uses interpretations their experiences to achieve knowledge…
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