Constructivism : Theory Of Learning And Knowledge

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Constructivism is one of the three learning theories developed to help explain the way children learn in the classroom. The scientist Jean Piaget and psychologist Lev Vygotsky were the theorists who developed constructivism. (Pass, 2004) Teachers today use these ideas, some use them at different times in their classrooms and others have used them combined into the same lesson. Constructivism can help students understand and retain the information they learn in the classroom. Piaget made detailed studies of cognition in children, these tests revealed that children have different cognitive abilities. According to Piaget, children are born with a very basic mental structure on where all learning and knowledge is based. Vygotsky believes that young children are actively involved in their own learning and the development of new understandings/schema. Vygotsky interpretation of interaction with peers is a good way to increase strategies and developing skills. Vygotsky came up with the idea of the zone of proximal development. He suggests that teachers who use cooperative learning exercises with students who struggle in school, the students tend to do better with the zone of proximal development. Teachers assist students by constructing the way of learning in the classroom, a learning that will support them throughout school and in the student’s futures. Constructivism: Theory to better learning Theorists have made several studies on how children learn in the classroom
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