Constructivism and Connectivism as Theories of Learning Essay

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The technological inventions have led to many changes in our lives. Our age is called a digital age. People use technology not only for communication ,but also for education. As a result , educational materials are not only presented through the text books, but also presented by using technologies inside classrooms.Moreover,learners are asked to access information by using technologies outside a classroom Educational technology is an umbrella term that includes many types of technologies such as computer softwares,the internet, I pads , iPods, and mobiles. By using the internet , learners are exposed to an amazing world. This world contains new branches of technology such as social networks including Twitter ,and Facebook,…show more content…
CALL specific software includes applications that are designed to develop and facilitate language learning, such as CD-ROMs, web-based interactive language learning exercises and quizzes. CALL Generic software which is designed for supporting language learning and teaching such as Power Point, Word, and Excel. CALL Web-based learning programs such as online dictionaries, online encyclopedias, News sites, e-texts, Web-quests, Web publishing, Blogs, and Wikis.Finally, Computer-mediated communication (CMC) programs such as synchronous, asynchronous ,email, discussion forum, message board . There are many types of CALL activities including true and false quizzes, multiple choice, gap-filling exercises, matching, reordering sequences, and online communication. There are many roles of computer in language learning and teaching. The first one is the role of the computer as a tool for language drills or skill practice. The second role is the role of computer as a tool for writing ,presenting ,and researching. The third role is the role of the computer as a medium of global communication. There are many theories used in designing CALL software .Theories of designing CALL software are changeable because of the fact that theories of teaching a foreign language are constantly changing. The first approach is the behavioristic approach. According to behavioristic theory, a learner is exposed repeatedly to an input by using drills,
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