Containment: Cold War and George C. Marshall Essay

960 Words Apr 14th, 2013 4 Pages
1. Explain the US policy of containment abroad. What were the economic, military, and political strategies of enforcing containment? Identify at least three specific programs or institutions in your response.

* First laid out by George F. Kennan in 1947, Containment stated that communism needed to be contained and isolated, or it would spread to neighboring countries. This spread would allow the Domino Theory to take hold, meaning that if one country fell to communism, then each surrounding country would fall

* Kennan sent a 8000 telegram to the U.s (long telegram) he told insight on soviets and there ruthless expansion. He said that “firm and vigilant containment” could stop them. This is the idea that started Containment
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Marshall proposed the extension of massive economic assistance to the devastated nations of Europe, saying that the policy of the United States was not directed “against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy in the world so as to permit the existence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist.”

* Marshal plan- June of 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall proposed a joint economic recovery program between the U.S. and its Western European allies. If the Europeans agreed to the plan, the U.S. would offer significant financial support

* What the Marshall left unsaid was that while the U.S. plan would be open to the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe, it emphasized the free market economy as the best path to economic reconstruction—and the best defense against communism in Western Europe.

* Congress responded by enacting marshals proposal –Marshal plan

* Marshal plan- investment of about $13 billion in Europe during the next few years resulted in the extraordinarily rapid and durable reconstruction of a democratic Western Europe

Political
-Iron Curtain- the dividing line between the communist countries of eastern Europe (Winston Churchill called it Iron curtain)

* The Berlin Blockade was
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