Contemporary Benefits of the European Union Essay

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For a significant portion of our history, Europe has seen constant battles and bloodshed, often due to leaders or military forces with desire of holding sovereignty over other countries – such as the Norman Conquest lead by William the Conqueror, desire to distinguish their country as an independent state – such as the Irish War of Independence lead by the IRA, or even for political reasons - such as the holocaust lead by renowned political extremist and dictator Adolf Hitler.
Although these events, along with a multitude of other wars – civil, guerilla or full-frontal attacks on other countries - were undoubtedly devastating to Europe due to the large loss of lives and the impact on the economy, they seem to rate very low in terms of
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With no associated military force, the League had only empty threats to work with and its strongest members – Britain and France – were suffering in terms of both economy and armed forces.

World War II lasted six years, dramatically crippling the European economy. A war responsible for over 40 million deaths was inevitably going to cause large scale damage to society as a whole. For example, cities were reduced to ruins, food had to be rationed due to halved agricultural production, and communications were severely disrupted due to the destruction of railways, bridges and harbours.
In his speech in Zurich, September 1946, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill encouraged the idea of European countries banding together, he likened it to ‘a kind of United States of Europe’. However, this view has not always brought enthusiasm, with some fearing the idea of a ‘super state’, loss of sovereignty, spending money/sharing resources where they will not see a return or perhaps due to a lack of faith in the importance of being part of the European Union (EU), hence some countries have still not joined (for example Switzerland, Iceland and Ukraine)

The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) came into force in 1952, first proposed by Robert Schuman. The idea behind the organisation was to aid in the rebuilding of the
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