Contemporary Management Of Traditional Forest

1274 Words6 Pages
There are over 556 federally recognized tribes in the United States. Over eighteen million acres on 334 tribal reservation in 36 states are forests and woodlands (IFMAT). These forested ecosystems are vital to tribal communities therefore it is important to address frameworks offered for co-managing resources. Despite the popular assumption, Indian tribes have managed lands for thousands of years prior to Euro-American settlement. Tribal communities relied on traditional knowledge to sustain their livelihoods. Traditional ecological knowledge is passed down through generations, which include harvesting, use of fire, and sustaining livelihoods through the landscape and cultural practices. In recent years, traditional knowledge held by local and indigenous communities has gain international recognition that this knowledge can offer modern society restoration solutions for multiple ecosystems. There are strong examples of contemporary management of traditional forest use in multiple tribes throughout the US with a variety of approaches from conventional westernized approaches to programs rooted in traditional ecological knowledge (TEK). This paper evaluates three tribes located in the west: the Tulalip Tribe, the Karuk Tribe, and White Mountain Apache. Academic literature on indigenous forest management and current plans/programs implementing traditional ecological knowledge were reviewed to address the following questions: What is Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK)? What

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