Contemporary Nutrition

1641 Words Jan 1st, 2012 7 Pages
Ogden Roja
Professor Lloyd M. Kahn
9 January 2012

1. Relate the importance of variety in a diet, especially with regard to fruit and vegetable choices, to the discovery of various phytochemicals in foods. Variety is of vital importance when deciding what to eat. Not only does it help ensure that a diet contains sufficient nutrients, but also makes meals more interesting rather than eating the “same old thing” day after day. This approach is also best because no one particular food choice meets all of a person’s nutrient needs. For example, although carrots have a rich source of a pigment that forms vitamin A, you are neglecting various other nutrients found only in other vegetables. In this regard, diversity in your diet is
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The most visible change would be weight loss.
When transitioning to an under-nourished state, no outward symptoms would be immediately noticeable. Over time, though, clinical symptoms would start to surface. For example, a person with a vitamin A deficiency would start seeing small areas of bruising on the skin. When severe enough, under-nutrition will start taking a toll on health and less energy, unhealthy weight loss, weakness, irritability, among other symptoms, will soon become apparent. If left untreated, both states of nutrition can be fatal.

4. How could the nutritional state of the person at each state in question 3 be evaluated? The nutritional state of the person at each state can be evaluated by analyzing background factors and assessing his/her status using the ABCDE assessment method. Since family health history plays an important role in determining overall health status, it must be thoroughly investigated and carefully recorded. These include medical history, social history, family health history, education level, and economic status.
In addition to background factors, the ABCDE assessment, as previously mentioned, can give a physician and dietitian an even more in-depth analysis that can aid in treating the patient. First is the anthropometric assessment in which such things as an individual’s height, weight, skinfold

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